What is laparoscopy for infertility?
Tubal and peritoneal factors are responsible for 30-40% of female infertility cases. These require surgery. Around 30-40% of cases are caused by obstructions, adhesions, or fibroids in the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, tubal malformations, and/or congenital malformations.
Two types of laparoscopic surgery are available:
- Diagnostic laparoscopy – This procedure is used to visualize and diagnose infertility issues.
- Operative (therapeutic laparoscopy) – This type of laparoscopy is used to remove adhesions or abnormal growths.
When is laparoscopy performed?
A laparoscopy is a diagnostic tool that can be used to identify a number of disorders that affect the abdomen or pelvis. It can also be utilized to carry out surgical treatments, such as the removal of an ailing or damaged organ or a tissue sample for additional research (biopsy).
These are the most common indications for laparoscopy:
- Feel a lump in the middle of your stomach
- Rectify abdominal Cancer. Some types of Cancer can be removed by laparoscopic surgery.
- Persistent or severe abdominal pain. These are the most common reasons for laparoscopy.
- Are a woman’s menstrual periods heavier than usual?
- Do you favour undergoing surgery for birth control?
- Is a woman having difficulty getting pregnant? To check for fertility issues, a laparoscopy is an option.
What medical issues prevent you from getting a laparoscopy?
You may not be able to have diagnostic or therapeutic laparoscopy under certain circumstances.
These are the conditions
- Pregnancy lasting more than 16 weeks
- Cardiopulmonary disease.
- Serious pelvic infections.
- Peritonitis generalized
- Intestinal obstruction.
- Stages of advanced cancerous disease.
- Large pelvic cancer.
- Anticoagulation treatment is administered to an individual.
The procedure of Laparoscopy.
The surgeon typically creates a 1 to 1.5 cm (0.4 to 0.6 inch) tiny cut (incision) near your belly button during laparoscopy.
To expand your abdomen (abdomen), carbon dioxide gas is pumped through an incision. Inflating your abdomen provides the surgeon with a better view of your organs and more space for them to operate. The next step is to put a laparoscope through this tube. The surgeon has a clear view of the entire area thanks to the laparoscope, which transmits images to a television monitor in the operating room.
More abdominal incisions will be made if the laparoscopy is utilized to perform surgery, such as the removal of your appendix. Through these incisions, small surgical instruments may be placed, and the surgeon may use the laparoscope to direct the instruments to the proper location. The tools can perform the necessary treatment once they are in position.
After the procedure, the incisions are sewn or clipped shut, a bandage is applied, and the carbon dioxide in your abdomen is let out.
When performed to diagnose a problem, laparoscopy normally takes 30 to 60 minutes to complete. If the surgeon is addressing a condition, it may take longer depending on the type of surgery being performed.
Laparoscopic treatment has many benefits.
- Smaller incisions cause less pain
- There is less downtime and quicker recovery
- Early discharge from the hospital
- Very low risk of infection
- Later, only a small scar will be visible
What is the risk associated with Laparoscopy?
The risks of Laparoscopy include the following:
- Risk of injury to internal organs like the ureter, blood vessels, stomach, and colon
- bleeding, maybe requiring a blood transfusion
- negative effects of anaesthesia
- Infection or inflammation in the abdomen
- Clots of blood